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Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)

Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction) - How to prevent?

​An effective way to prevent heart attack is through having regular health screening, which can help in detecting any risks of heart attack.

Another important method to keep heart attack at bay is through adopting a healthy lifestyle. This includes:

  • Exercise regularly:
    Aerobic exercises such as brisk walking, jogging or swimming, is the best type of exercise for heart health. Walking is the safest form of exercise to start if you are uncertain of the level of intensity.

    Healthy adults should ideally complete at least 150 minutes a week of moderate intensity exercise (e.g. brisk walk). Seek your doctor’s advice for suitable physical exercise tailored to your condition.

    Inactive adults should start gradually, with light or moderate intensity at a shorter duration (<10 min), with sessions spread throughout the week.
  • Adopt a healthy diet
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Achieve and maintain a healthy BMI (Body Mass Index). Healthy range for Asians is from 18.5 to 22.9 kg/m2.
  • Have adequate amount of sleep: Get 6 to 8 hours of sleep daily. Inadequate sleep of ≤ 4 hours or excess sleep ≥ 10 hours has been linked with increased risk of coronary artery disease.
  • Manage stress
  • Stop smoking, if you are smoking:
    Smoking contributes to atherosclerosis and increases the risk of heart attack.

    Many stop-smoking aids can improve your chances of success in trying to quit smoking. Speak to your doctor for help in quitting smoking.

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