It is used to lower uric acid levels in the body by preventing its formation. This is expected to bring forth the following benefits:
Your doctor may also give it to you for reasons other than what have been mentioned above e.g. Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome.
The medication is generally well-tolerated. The most common side effects are:
Your doctor would normally start it at a low dose and gradually increase the dose if necessary (typically based on the uric acid concentration in the blood). This helps to make you tolerate the medication better and lessens the likelihood of the gout flares initially.
Be patient and take it at the dose recommended by your doctor. The benefits are slow to come so do not discontinue the medication unless skin rashes as detailed above occur.
Take it after meals at the same time every day. Do drink plenty of non-caffeinated/non-carbonated fluids throughout the whole day, especially during the early part of the day, unless your doctor tells you to restrict fluid intake. This is especially important if you have a history of kidney stones as adequate fluid intake may help to dissolve existing or prevent new stone formation.
If you forget to take you medication at the usual time, you can take it as soon as you remember about it. But if it is near the time for the next dose when this happens, just skip the missed dose and take the next dose as usual. Do not take more than the usual scheduled dose to make up for the missed dose.
How LONG does it take for the medicine to be EFFECTIVE?
When do I seek medical attention IMMEDIATELY?
Can I take other MEDICINES or SUPPLEMENTS?
What special DIETARY instructions should I follow?
Can I get PREGNANT or BREASTFEED?
In SUMMARY… what you need to know about allopurinol?
Take allopurinol approximately at the same time every day, unless instructed otherwise by your doctor.
Always come for your
BLOOD TESTS on the scheduled date.
Beware of the
SIDE EFFECTS and when to get immediate medical attention.
Never take medicines, supplements or herbal treatments
OVER-THE-COUNTER without checking with your doctor or pharmacist first.
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