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Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer - Treatments

Treatment for lung cancer depends on the type of lung cancer, stage of cancer and general health and fitness of the patient. An individual with cancer should be assessed by a specialist to determine which modality of treatment is best suited for them.

Treatment by type and stage of lung cancer

SCLC

Limited stage disease is usually treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy to the lungs and mediastinal lymph nodes. After completion of chemoradiation, radiotherapy to the brain may be recommended to reduce the risk of cancer relapse in the brain. Extensive stage disease is usually treated with a combination of chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Some patients may also be treated with radiotherapy depending on their sites of spread and response to treatment.

NSCLC

  • Stage 1 and 2 NSCLC: Surgery is considered the standard treatment for stage 1 and stage 2 NSCLC. The most common surgery for lung cancer is lobectomy, which involves the removal of the affected lobe of the lung. Other types of operations such as a sub lobar resection (removal of less than a lobe of the lung) or pneumonectomy (removal of the entire lung) are occasionally performed depending on the patient’s underlying health status as well as the size and location of the patient’s lung cancer. Whenever possible, these operations are performed by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) using small incisions on the chest to facilitate recovery a