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Lamivudine

Drug Class: Commonly Known As: Category:
Antiretroviral Agent Epivir Adult, Children

Lamivudine - What is it for

Lamivudine is an antiretroviral agent that blocks construction of virus. It is used to decrease the amount of viruses (viral load) to as low as possible, for as long as possible.

Lamivudine - Side Effects, Precautions, and Contraindications

What side effects can Lamivudine cause?

Common side effects are:

  • Nausea and vomiting. This can be prevented by eating small frequent meals or sucking on candy.
  • Stomach discomfort. Take the medicine after food to reduce gastric discomfort.
  • Headache and pain. Mild painkillers (e.g. paracetamol) can be taken to reduce the pain.
  • Fatigue/tiredness
  • Diarrhea
  • Skin rash.

Inform your doctor if any of the above side effects lasts for more than a few days or if they become serious or bothersome.

Rare but serious side effects may manifest as the following symptoms. Contact your doctor as soon as possible, if you notice any of the following:

  • Numbness or tingling sensations of fingers, toes or feet
  • Visual changes

Inform your doctor if you notice any other unusual symptoms. Always discuss with your doctor or pharmacist if you or your child has any problems or difficulties during or after taking Lamivudine.

Before taking Lamivudine , what precautions must I follow?

What food or medicine must I avoid when I take Lamivudine ?

Lamivudine - Dosage and How to Use

How should Lamivudine be used?

Lamivudine is usually taken twice daily. It is usually given in combination with at least two other antiretroviral agents to achieve significant decrease in viral multiplication.

Lamivudine can be administered with or without food.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

Missing doses makes Lamivudine less effective and may also make the virus resistant to Lamivudine and other possible antiretroviral agents.

If you forgot take the medication within 4 hours, administer it as soon as you remember and then continue to take it as per normal. Otherwise, skip the missed dose and administer the next dose at the usual time. Do not double or increase the dose.

If you or your child vomits within 15 minutes of administration, give another dose if possible.

What should I do if I overdose?

Lamivudine - Handling

How should I handle Lamivudine safely?

Lamivudine - Storage

How should I store Lamivudine ?

Keep away from children;#Keep in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight;#Store at room temperature;#Discard the oral solution one month after opening.

How should I dispose of Lamivudine safely?

Lamivudine - Additional Information

Some medication may reduce its efficacy, or increase its toxicity. Do not take any other medications or herbal products without first consulting your doctor.

  • Updated on Wednesday, September 27, 2017
  • Article contributed by Pharmacy Department KK Women's and Children's Hospital

    The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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