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Drug Class: Commonly Known As: Category:
Benzodiazepines Children, Adult

Benzodiazepines - Dosage and How to Use

How should Benzodiazepines be used?

  • Take these medicines exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow the instructions on the medicines label or as advised by the pharmacist. The dose may be changed by your doctor depending upon your response.
  • Do not take this medicine more often than directed by your doctor and if you are required to take these medications long term, do not stop unless instructed by your doctor. Stopping this medicine too rapidly can increase the risk of your symptoms recurring.
  • If you are taking these medicines for insomnia, it is recommended to take these medicines before your bedtime.
  • Avoid taking alcohol while taking these medicines as this may lead to excessive drowsiness.
  • Do not change brands or dosage forms without first informing your doctor.
  • If you have been taking these medicines on a regular basis for some time, consult your doctor on the appropriate way to discontinue these medicines. Sudden discontinuation of these medicines may result in symptoms such as increased anxiety, sleep disturbances and headaches. Seek medical attention as soon as possible if such symptoms occur.
  • Tablets:
    Swallow the tablets whole with a glass of water. If you (or your child, if applicable) are unable to swallow the tablet, you may crush it and add it to small amounts of food (i.e. for children: yogurt, ice-cream, syrup).
  • Benzodiazepines may be taken with or without food.
  • Rectal enema (rectal diazepam):
    Please refer to separate information leaflet on rectal diazepam usage.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

  • Take the dose as soon as you remember and then continue to take it normally. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the dose missed and take the next dose at the usual time.
  • Do not double or increase the dose.
  • If you/your child has missed more than two doses or you are not sure of what to do, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Always ensure there is at least 2 weeks' supply of medication. If you/your child has less than two weeks medication supplies, please ensure that you have made an appointment with your doctor or arranged to collect more medication.

What should I do if I overdose?

​If you take/administer more than the dose prescribed by your doctor, consult your doctor or health care professional immediately.

​​​​​Click here​ for more information on Benzodiazepines as treatment for complex motor disorders in children.

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